Who is responsible for the public school system?

The federal government is responsible for the public school system, but the system breaks down further into the school districts within the state. Each school district typically contains a school board, which is, in turn, made up of local representatives from each of the schools within the district. Learn more about the public school system in our legal guide below.

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Jeffrey Johnson is a legal writer with a focus on personal injury. He has worked on personal injury and sovereign immunity litigation in addition to experience in family, estate, and criminal law. He earned a J.D. from the University of Baltimore and has worked in legal offices and non-profits in Maryland, Texas, and North Carolina. He has also earned an MFA in screenwriting from Chapman Univer...

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Written by Jeffrey Johnson
Insurance Lawyer Jeffrey Johnson

UPDATED: Jul 16, 2021

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The public school system is owned and operated by the government. It is broken down at the level of each of the states, meaning that each state’s legislators are responsible for overseeing and ruling on decisions involving public schools in that state. The system breaks down further into the school districts within the state. Each school district typically contains a school board, which is, in turn, made up of the representatives of each of the schools within the district. These representatives are principals, superintendents, and sometimes one or both, depending on the size of the school being represented.

 The Rules and Laws for the Public School System

Each state within the U.S. has its own set of rules governing the public school system. These regulations are set forth in the state’s constitution and applicable to all school districts within its borders.

Both the state and the local districts have their own particular responsibilities when it comes to operating the public schools. What exactly these responsibilities are, and who takes care of what tasks, will vary depending on the state. For example, in some states decisions regarding curriculum, or purchases of new computer equipment, might be handled by state legislators. In other states, these decisions might be categorized as local concerns, and handled by school districts – or even by individual schools themselves, depending on the scope of the issue at stake and the rules by which the actions will be governed.

Further, the public itself also has some influence over the public school system. In many local areas, representatives are elected to the school board by the voting public in order to provide the people with a voice in what occurs at the schools. There are also often votes on school taxes that can have an impact on a particular school district’s budget.

Getting Help – Public School System Issues

It is important to be aware that public education is a right, no matter who controls the public school system. If you believe you are being treated unfairly in your public school system, contact a lawyer for help.

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