Jeffrey Johnson is a legal writer with a focus on personal injury. He has worked on personal injury and sovereign immunity litigation in addition to experience in family, estate, and criminal law. He earned a J.D. from the University of Baltimore and has worked in legal offices and non-profits in Maryland, Texas, and North Carolina. He has also earned an MFA in screenwriting from Chapman Univer...

Full Bio →

Written by

UPDATED: Feb 12, 2020

Advertiser Disclosure

It’s all about you. We want to help you make the right legal decisions.

We strive to help you make confident insurance and legal decisions. Finding trusted and reliable insurance quotes and legal advice should be easy. This doesn’t influence our content. Our opinions are our own.

Editorial Guidelines: We are a free online resource for anyone interested in learning more about legal topics and insurance. Our goal is to be an objective, third-party resource for everything legal and insurance related. We update our site regularly, and all content is reviewed by experts.

Although it would seem obvious that a mother and father should have similar rights regarding divorce, visitation and custody, they don’t. The movie Kramer vs. Kramer is what many of us think of when the issue of fathers’ rights emerges – but did it really change anything?

How fathers’ rights have changed over past 20 years

Elliot Schlissel, a New York fathers’ rights attorney who has been practicing law for over 30 years and represents clients in the metropolitan New York area and Long Island’s Nassau and Suffolk counties, says that initially in the state of New York, a man’s responsibility was to support his family and a woman’s responsibility was to raise his children. However, he says that the law changed and men and women became equal under the New York law around 1989:

At that time, there was a presumption that men would be treated equally in matters involving children and families. Prior to that, there was a movie called Kramer vs. Kramer with Dustin Hoffman and Meryl Streep which portrayed the status of the law in New York. In the movie, Meryl Streep and Dustin Hoffman are living in Manhattan and have a young son. One day, Streep heads out of town with no forwarding address.

Hoffman raises his son for a year or two, gives up his job and totally reorganizes life to be a single parent. Then, Streep comes back and says, ‘I’m home and I want our son.’ They litigate and she gets the son back because she is the mother and he was the father.

Fast forward 20 years

Although Schlissel and other New York support and custody lawyers say that there was a hope that those types of situations would change when the law changed, Schlissel told us that has not come about in New York family courts, specifically with regard to issues of custody, visitation and support – and especially with orders of protection in both the criminal courts and family courts. Although it’s been 20 years since Kramer vs. Kramer, he says that the truth is that women are still treated differently than men. He explained:

With orders of protection, if a woman brings a charge against a man that he’s misbehaved, he’s generally guilty until proven innocent and men are not on an equal playing field with custody and visitation issues with women, even though the law says that they should be.

The concept of fathers’ rights was to develop an area of the law that was specifically geared to helping fathers deal with the fact that New York courts often treat fathers unfairly (link to article entitled New York Attorney Advocates For Fathers’ Rights) and to get them the justice they deserve in the legal system.