Ohio State University Sued for Age Discrimination, Settles
Two women, now age 62 and 67, sued Ohio State University, claiming that they were the victims of age discrimination.
As the New York Times reported, the two women had worked in the university’s English as a Second Language (ESL) program since 1983.
In 2009, they said, a new director of the ESL program disparaged them and other experienced ELS staff members while promoting others who were younger and less experienced.
In 2010, the new director wrote an email to an acquaintance at another university that said he was dealing with
an extraordinarily change-averse population of people, almost all of whom are over 50, contemplating retirement (or not) and it’s like herding hippos.
The director accidentally cc'd a member of his own staff on the email.
After that incident, experienced ESL teachers said they were passed over for promotions and choice assignments, lost their offices, and even lacked adequate access to computers.
The successor to the director who wrote the email referred to senior ESL teachers as "millstones" and "dead wood."
The plaintiffs in the case say this was part of a strategy to make the senior teachers feel uncomfortable and to force them to retire.
More than 20 senior ESL staff members were eventually forced out, under threat of having their positions eliminated or being forced to take lower salaries.
One of the women filed a formal complaint, and the university investigated but took no action.
In 2014, both women retired early from the university and were unable to find comparable positions elsewhere.
In November of 2017, the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) found "reasonable cause to believe" that the women and other senior ESL teachers had been the victims of age discrimination.
Age Discrimination in Employment
The federal Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967 protects workers 40 and older.
Congress found at the time the Act was passed that:
- in the face of rising productivity and affluence, older workers find themselves disadvantaged in their efforts to retain employment, and especially to regain employment when displaced from jobs;
- the setting of arbitrary age limits regardless of potential for job performance has become a common practice, and certain otherwise desirable practices may work to the disadvantage of older persons;
- the incidence of unemployment, especially long-term unemployment with resultant deterioration of skill, morale, and employer acceptability is, relative to the younger ages, high among older workers; their numbers are great and growing; and their employment problems grave;
- the existence in industries affecting commerce, of arbitrary discrimination in employment because of age, burdens commerce and the free flow of goods in commerce.
The EEOC received more than 18,000 complaints of age discrimination in 2017. Most were filed by women.
A recent study found that women were more likely than men to be victims of age discrimination in hiring.
In May, Ohio State settled the ESL teachers' case. Both women have been rehired and agreed to accept back pay of several hundred thousand dollars each.
Also, Ohio State has agreed to train its human resources staff to "recognize, investigate and prevent age discrimination," according to the Times.