Who gets involved in litigation?

UPDATED: Jul 18, 2023Fact Checked

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Jeffrey Johnson

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Jeffrey Johnson is a legal writer with a focus on personal injury. He has worked on personal injury and sovereign immunity litigation in addition to experience in family, estate, and criminal law. He earned a J.D. from the University of Baltimore and has worked in legal offices and non-profits in Maryland, Texas, and North Carolina. He has also earned an MFA in screenwriting from Chapman Univer...

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Mary Martin

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Mary Martin has been a legal writer and editor for over 20 years, responsible for ensuring that content is straightforward, correct, and helpful for the consumer. In addition, she worked on writing monthly newsletter columns for media, lawyers, and consumers. Ms. Martin also has experience with internal staff and HR operations. Mary was employed for almost 30 years by the nationwide legal publi...

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UPDATED: Jul 18, 2023

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UPDATED: Jul 18, 2023Fact Checked

It can be anyone, and increasingly is.

Disputes can arise between two individuals, such as a disagreement between you and the contractor who remodeled your home with inferior material, or two drivers who are involved in an auto accident, or a couple contemplating a divorce. Litigation to resolve the dispute sometimes involves only individuals. In the construction case the litigation would determine if the remodeling was done properly, how much it would cost to do the job right, what damages you suffered because of the improper construction, and who owes what to whom. In the divorce case, the court would decide who gets what, how much support or alimony must be paid, and decide issues of child custody and visitation, if the parties do not agree and settle on their own.

Litigation also may be used to resolve a dispute between an individual and a business, perhaps over a defective product, or a lease of property, or between two businesses who may be having a dispute over patent rights or the terms of a contract between them.

Litigation sometimes involves disputes between an individual or business with a Government agency. Perhaps the town is trying to “condemn” some real estate you own in order to build a new school, or the state is trying to deny you a license, or you’re having a dispute about the amount of taxes you owe the IRS.

Even two governmental bodies can get into litigation, as when New York and New Jersey each recently claimed Ellis Island.

Case Studies: Examples of Litigation Involving Various Parties

Case Study 1: Home Renovation Dispute – Smith vs. Johnson Construction

Mr. Smith hired Johnson Construction to remodel his home. However, after the completion of the project, Mr. Smith discovered that the contractor had used inferior materials, leading to structural issues. Frustrated, Mr. Smith filed a lawsuit against Johnson Construction to seek compensation for damages and to determine the cost of proper reconstruction.

Case Study 2: Product Liability Dispute – Thompson vs. TechGadgets Inc.

Ms. Thompson purchased an electronic device manufactured by TechGadgets Inc. Unfortunately, the device turned out to be defective and caused harm to Ms. Thompson. In response, she decided to initiate litigation against TechGadgets Inc. to hold them accountable for the damages caused by their faulty product.

Case Study 3: Patent Dispute Between Businesses – Smith Corporation vs. Johnson Enterprises

Smith Corporation and Johnson Enterprises found themselves in a dispute over the ownership of a patent. Both companies claimed the patent rights and disagreed on the terms of a previous contract. To settle the matter, they resorted to litigation, seeking a legal determination of the rightful ownership of the patent.

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Jeffrey Johnson

Insurance Lawyer

Jeffrey Johnson is a legal writer with a focus on personal injury. He has worked on personal injury and sovereign immunity litigation in addition to experience in family, estate, and criminal law. He earned a J.D. from the University of Baltimore and has worked in legal offices and non-profits in Maryland, Texas, and North Carolina. He has also earned an MFA in screenwriting from Chapman Univer...

Insurance Lawyer

Mary Martin

Published Legal Expert

Mary Martin has been a legal writer and editor for over 20 years, responsible for ensuring that content is straightforward, correct, and helpful for the consumer. In addition, she worked on writing monthly newsletter columns for media, lawyers, and consumers. Ms. Martin also has experience with internal staff and HR operations. Mary was employed for almost 30 years by the nationwide legal publi...

Published Legal Expert

Editorial Guidelines: We are a free online resource for anyone interested in learning more about legal topics and insurance. Our goal is to be an objective, third-party resource for everything legal and insurance related. We update our site regularly, and all content is reviewed by experts.

Get Legal Help Today

Find the right lawyer for your legal issue.

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