What is the effect of a decision by the court of appeals?

UPDATED: Jul 18, 2023Fact Checked

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Jeffrey Johnson

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Jeffrey Johnson is a legal writer with a focus on personal injury. He has worked on personal injury and sovereign immunity litigation in addition to experience in family, estate, and criminal law. He earned a J.D. from the University of Baltimore and has worked in legal offices and non-profits in Maryland, Texas, and North Carolina. He has also earned an MFA in screenwriting from Chapman Univer...

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Mary Martin

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Mary Martin has been a legal writer and editor for over 20 years, responsible for ensuring that content is straightforward, correct, and helpful for the consumer. In addition, she worked on writing monthly newsletter columns for media, lawyers, and consumers. Ms. Martin also has experience with internal staff and HR operations. Mary was employed for almost 30 years by the nationwide legal publi...

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UPDATED: Jul 18, 2023

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UPDATED: Jul 18, 2023Fact Checked

The court of appeals is the second step in legal proceedings. Its job is to change mistakes made by the lower court, not to hear evidence and decide facts like the lower court. Most often, the court of appeals renders the final decision. Some cases are sent back (“remanded”) to the district court for further proceedings.

When can I appeal a case?
Not all cases can be appealed. In fact, the majority of cases end with the trial court’s decision or “final judgment.” While each state has different rules for their appeals courts, there are some general guidelines. First, only the party who is aggrieved by the trial court’s decision can appeal. Second, there has to be a stated controversy or mistake made by the trial court. Finally, cases can only be appealed that actually went to court. If your case was arbitrated, settled or held to be moot, then you cannot appeal.

How do I appeal my case?
Contact an appeals attorney to begin the process. Each state has a specific limitation on when an appeal can be filed, so you should contact the attorney immediately once the judgment is issued.

The appeals court found in my favor, what now?
The appeals court decision is considered the new binding judgment. This means that whatever they decided will become the overall ruling in the case. So, if they overturned the judge’s decision and dismissed the money judgment, then you are no longer responsible to pay it.

The appeals court remanded my case back to the trial court, what does this mean?
When a case is remanded, it is sent back to the trial court with instructions to correct a mistake of fact that the trial court reached. This means that the particular issue in question will be heard again by the judge and the decision reconsidered.

Case Studies: Insurance Considerations in Court of Appeals Decisions

Case Study 1: Professional Liability Insurance, ProtectPro Insurance

ProtectPro Insurance provided professional liability insurance coverage to a medical practitioner who appealed a malpractice lawsuit decision to the court of appeals. In this case study, the medical practitioner was found liable for medical negligence in the lower court, resulting in substantial damages awarded to the plaintiff. The practitioner believed that errors were made in the trial and decided to appeal the decision.

ProtectPro Insurance supported the practitioner throughout the appeals process, providing legal representation and covering the associated costs. The professional liability insurance coverage helped ensure that the practitioner had financial protection during the appeals process and in the event of an adverse outcome.

Case Study 2: Property Insurance, SecureHome Insurance

SecureHome Insurance provided property insurance coverage to a homeowner who appealed a denial of a claim decision to the court of appeals. In this case study, the homeowner filed an insurance claim for property damage caused by a covered peril, but the insurance company denied the claim based on policy interpretation. Believing that the denial was unjust, the homeowner decided to appeal the decision to the court of appeals.

SecureHome Insurance supported the homeowner in the appeals process, providing legal representation and covering the associated costs. The property insurance coverage helped protect the homeowner’s interests and provided financial support during the appeals process.

Case Study 3: Auto Insurance, SafeDrive Insurance

SafeDrive Insurance provided auto insurance coverage to an insured driver who appealed a decision related to an at-fault accident to the court of appeals. In this case study, the insured driver was found at fault for an accident in the lower court, resulting in liability for damages and potential increases in insurance premiums. Disagreeing with the decision, the insured driver decided to appeal the ruling.

SafeDrive Insurance supported the insured driver throughout the appeals process, providing legal representation and covering the associated costs. The auto insurance coverage helped protect the insured driver’s interests and provided financial support during the appeals process.

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Jeffrey Johnson

Insurance Lawyer

Jeffrey Johnson is a legal writer with a focus on personal injury. He has worked on personal injury and sovereign immunity litigation in addition to experience in family, estate, and criminal law. He earned a J.D. from the University of Baltimore and has worked in legal offices and non-profits in Maryland, Texas, and North Carolina. He has also earned an MFA in screenwriting from Chapman Univer...

Insurance Lawyer

Mary Martin

Published Legal Expert

Mary Martin has been a legal writer and editor for over 20 years, responsible for ensuring that content is straightforward, correct, and helpful for the consumer. In addition, she worked on writing monthly newsletter columns for media, lawyers, and consumers. Ms. Martin also has experience with internal staff and HR operations. Mary was employed for almost 30 years by the nationwide legal publi...

Published Legal Expert

Editorial Guidelines: We are a free online resource for anyone interested in learning more about legal topics and insurance. Our goal is to be an objective, third-party resource for everything legal and insurance related. We update our site regularly, and all content is reviewed by experts.

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