What is an “independent medical examination” (IME)?

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Jeffrey Johnson is a legal writer with a focus on personal injury. He has worked on personal injury and sovereign immunity litigation in addition to experience in family, estate, and criminal law. He earned a J.D. from the University of Baltimore and has worked in legal offices and non-profits in Maryland, Texas, and North Carolina. He has also earned an MFA in screenwriting from Chapman Univer...

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Written by Jeffrey Johnson
Insurance Lawyer Jeffrey Johnson

UPDATED: Jul 16, 2021

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In the world of workers compensation insurance, an “independent medical exam” (or “IME”) refers to a third-party medical exam of an insurance claimant’s physical condition, with emphasis of course on the injury at issue. IMEs are usually not requested or issued until after at least one other doctor has opined on your (the claimant’s) condition, so the point of an IME is not the medical care itself, but rather the written report that comes out of it.

When IMEs are Needed

An independent medical exam is required whenever the insurer processing your claim states a need for one. If you received a letter in the mail attempting to schedule an independent medical exam, then you need to attend. If you received such a letter, it generally means that your employer’s workers’ comp insurance carrier is contesting some aspect of your claim. In some states, IMEs can be called up to three times (with up to three different health care providers). These are often called “panel exams.” However, either the employer or the employee can request an independent medical exam. You have to research the law of the state in which you are filing for workers compensation – sometimes, it may be advantageous for you as a claimant to take the reins here.

Role of the Doctor

The role of a doctor who acts as a medical examiner varies from state to state — even what that doctor is called varies. For instance, in California, the doctor is a “medical evaluator” and is generally mutually agreed upon by the parties. The doctor or medical evaluator exams the injured worker and takes a complete medical history. Some examiners may be more sympathetic to workers – some to employers. In some IMEs, you are also allowed to bring an unpaid observer with you if that makes you more comfortable, or if you want someone to serve (informally) as a witness to what occurs during the exam. Depending on the state, the observer may have to sign an “IME Observer Form” or a similar document. In no states, however, may the observer take part in the exam or interfere in any way with the exam. If s/he does interfere, you may have to redo the entire process!

Getting Legal Help

If you have received a letter in the mail asking for an independent medical exam, then now may be a good time to get some help from a licensed workers’ compensation attorney in your jurisdiction. S/he will have helpful knowledge about various workers comp doctors in your area, and perhaps even who to choose or not to choose to evaluate your injury or illness. Understanding this part of the claims process is critical to having a successful workers comp claim.

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