Jeffrey Johnson is a legal writer with a focus on personal injury. He has worked on personal injury and sovereign immunity litigation in addition to experience in family, estate, and criminal law. He earned a J.D. from the University of Baltimore and has worked in legal offices and non-profits in Maryland, Texas, and North Carolina. He has also earned an MFA in screenwriting from Chapman Univer...

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UPDATED: Feb 7, 2020

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A limited partnership (LP) is a business structure that consists of general partners and limited partners that conduct business together as co-owners, but only the general partners are responsible for liabilities and business operations. Limited partners have limited liability as long as they do not participate in the control of the business.

A significant benefit of an LP is that if a judgment creditor obtains a judgment against one partner, the creditor is paid only from that partner’s share in distributions from the partnership’s profits while the other partners and their investment are protected from debts belonging to the partner named by the creditor.  

It is important to check state specific laws on liability protection for LPs because some state laws detail the extent of liability protection available.

General vs. Limited Partners

General partners are the operators of the business who control and manage the partnership. Because of their additional duties, general partners are usually paid an additional management fee. As general partners are the ones mainly responsible for business operations, they are also jointly and severally liable for all the debts and obligations of the LP.

Limited partners are not involved in the management of the partnership, which means that they are only liable up to the amount they invested in the partnership. If limited partners assume responsibilities for running the business, they will lose their liability protection

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Corporate Partner Alternative

Another way to structure a limited partnership so that all partners have even more liability protection is to substitute individual partners with a corporation. This is a way to manage risk exposure because corporations are considered to be separate legal entities so individuals are protected from a direct attack by a judgment creditor because the ultimate liability for debts rests with the corporation. Additional benefits of dividing ownership by using a corporation as a partner are reduced taxes on distributions and availability of investment credits.  

Getting Legal Help

If you need help deciding which business structure is best for you, speak with a corporate attorney to discuss your options.