Jeffrey Johnson is a legal writer with a focus on personal injury. He has worked on personal injury and sovereign immunity litigation in addition to experience in family, estate, and criminal law. He earned a J.D. from the University of Baltimore and has worked in legal offices and non-profits in Maryland, Texas, and North Carolina. He has also earned an MFA in screenwriting from Chapman Univer...

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UPDATED: Jan 7, 2021

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A lawsuit is a civil legal action brought in a court. Typically one party is suing another party for money or other property. (The term party can include individuals, businesses and government agencies.)

Who are the plaintiff and the defendant?

The person suing is typically called the plaintiff; the person being sued is the defendant.

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What does enjoin mean?

Lawsuits sometimes also involve an action to enjoin – a legal term that means restrain or stop a party from doing something, such as picketing or trespassing on your property or disclosing confidential information.

A lawsuit is one way that people and companies can resolve disputes arising out of an infinite variety of factual circumstances.