Can a school official search a student’s locker?

While the U.S. Constitution upholds the right to be safe from unreasonable searches and seizures, the standard for school searches is less rigid. The search is lawful if the school has a “reasonable suspicion” that a school rule has been violated. This means the search must be justified when made and reasonably related to the circumstances being investigated.

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Does a student have to talk to the police if a school employee says to?

A juvenile or adult at a K-12 or higher level educational institution does not have to answer questions posed by a law enforcement officer while on school grounds. A juvenile or adult may remain silent, invoking the right to not incriminate oneself. Law enforcement officers are not allowed to direct school employees to question juveniles or adults regarding an offense. This is in large part because school employees are not required to read a juvenile or adult Miranda rights.

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