Accommodations for Children with Disabilities & the Americans with Disabilities Act

Under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), publicly funded schools are required to facilitate children with every manner of disability and use appropriate accommodations so that the children can participate in the educational environment. Under IDEA, an individualized education program (IEP) is formed for a disabled child and the necessary accommodations are decided upon and created by the school.

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What laws protect physically disabled children from harassment at school?

There are several laws in place that are designed to protect a disabled child from harassment while he or she is at school. These protections include The Rehabilitation Act of 1973, which defines a disability as any physical or mental condition that seriously limits a major life activity. This definition applies to children who have any kind of disability, non-disabled children who are treated as if they have a disability, and children who were labeled as having a disability in the past, even if they didn’t.

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Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)

The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) is a federal law. It was created in 1990 when the Education for All Handicapped Children Act was modified and renamed the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. The U.S. Department of Education is generally responsible for the enforcement of both of these acts, and is charged with the task of ensuring that the school systems in every state are held to the standards set by the laws. However, while IDEA provides general regulations and sets the framework for the rights of handicapped students, the government of each individual state and each individual school board and school district are ultimately responsible for compliance and enforcement.

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What types of learning disabilities qualify children for special education?

Learning disabilities impair a child’s ability to function and thrive in a standard educational setting. Since 1975, the government has recognized the importance of diagnosing and assisting children with learning disabilities. The disabilities below are now listed among those that warrant special education assistance in a public education setting.

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