Can a school official search a student’s locker?
Get Legal Help Today
Secured with SHA-256 Encryption
UPDATED: Feb 20, 2013
It’s all about you. We want to help you make the right legal decisions.
We strive to help you make confident insurance and legal decisions. Finding trusted and reliable insurance quotes and legal advice should be easy. This doesn’t influence our content. Our opinions are our own.
Editorial Guidelines: We are a free online resource for anyone interested in learning more about legal topics and insurance. Our goal is to be an objective, third-party resource for everything legal and insurance related. We update our site regularly, and all content is reviewed by experts.
While the U.S. Constitution upholds the right to be safe from unreasonable searches and seizures, the standard for school searches is less rigid. The search is lawful if the school has a “reasonable suspicion” that a school rule has been violated. This means the search must be justified when made and reasonably related to the circumstances being investigated.
For example, a student is believed to have been smoking on campus, but denies it. A reasonable search can be made of the purse or backpack he or she was carrying at the time of the incident. His or her locker and pockets can also be legally searched. Courts will weigh a student’s right to privacy against a school’s need to obtain evidence of school rule violations and violations of the law. This reasonable suspicion standard has been upheld in challenges to locker, desk, and car searches.