Jeffrey Johnson is a legal writer with a focus on personal injury. He has worked on personal injury and sovereign immunity litigation in addition to experience in family, estate, and criminal law. He earned a J.D. from the University of Baltimore and has worked in legal offices and non-profits in Maryland, Texas, and North Carolina. He has also earned an MFA in screenwriting from Chapman Univer...

Full Bio →

Written by

Jeffrey Johnson is a legal writer with a focus on personal injury. He has worked on personal injury and sovereign immunity litigation in addition to experience in family, estate, and criminal law. He earned a J.D. from the University of Baltimore and has worked in legal offices and non-profits in Maryland, Texas, and North Carolina. He has also earned an MFA in screenwriting from Chapman Univer...

Full Bio →

Reviewed by Jeffrey Johnson
Managing Editor & Insurance Lawyer

UPDATED: May 2, 2012

Advertiser Disclosure

It’s all about you. We want to help you make the right legal decisions.

We strive to help you make confident insurance and legal decisions. Finding trusted and reliable insurance quotes and legal advice should be easy. This doesn’t influence our content. Our opinions are our own.

Editorial Guidelines: We are a free online resource for anyone interested in learning more about legal topics and insurance. Our goal is to be an objective, third-party resource for everything legal and insurance related. We update our site regularly, and all content is reviewed by experts.

The Unfair Practices Act forbids four specific pricing practices:

  • Sales below cost — sales of a product or service below the seller’s cost (including overhead) undertaken with the purpose of injuring competitors or destroying competition;
  • Loss leaders — sales of a product or service below the seller’s cost (including overhead) under certain circumstances (for example, to induce sales of a different product or service) undertaken with the purpose of injuring competitors or destroying competition;
  • Locality discrimination — charging different prices for the same product or service in different locations, with the intent to injure competitors or destroy competition; and
  • Secret rebates — secret payments of rebates or commissions to one customer but not another, where such payments injure a competitor and tend to destroy competition.