Jeffrey Johnson is a legal writer with a focus on personal injury. He has worked on personal injury and sovereign immunity litigation in addition to experience in family, estate, and criminal law. He earned a J.D. from the University of Baltimore and has worked in legal offices and non-profits in Maryland, Texas, and North Carolina. He has also earned an MFA in screenwriting from Chapman Univer...

Full Bio →

Written by

UPDATED: Sep 10, 2012

Advertiser Disclosure

It’s all about you. We want to help you make the right legal decisions.

We strive to help you make confident insurance and legal decisions. Finding trusted and reliable insurance quotes and legal advice should be easy. This doesn’t influence our content. Our opinions are our own.

Editorial Guidelines: We are a free online resource for anyone interested in learning more about legal topics and insurance. Our goal is to be an objective, third-party resource for everything legal and insurance related. We update our site regularly, and all content is reviewed by experts.

Back in January, 2012, photography giant Eastman Kodak filed a voluntary Chapter 11 bankruptcy. Now, eight months later, the company is undergoing more layoffs and is once again restructuring its finances.

Over the past several years, Kodak has been engaged in a mess of legal intellectual property lawsuits, suing several well-known companies for patent infringement. With a decline in demand for consumer film, more emphasis on digital photography (dominated by other more digital-centric companies), and an overall downtrodden economy, it is through these lawsuits that the company has stayed in business, reporting making $3 billion from 2003 to 2010.

Kodak claimed companies such as Apple, HTC, Samsung, and others, were infringing upon patented processes involving photo use on electronic and mobile cameras. The accused companies disputed the claims and Kodak lost in court against both Apple and HTC.

The litigations, along with failed attempts to sell patents to other electronic companies, pushed Kodak into their January bankruptcy. But did the filing do what the company intended, and are they better off now? According to recent reports of more layoffs, it seems not.

The bankruptcy was part of a plan to downsize and focus on creating and manufacturing printers as opposed to outdated photography technologies. Unfortunately, the previous restructuring has not been as fruitful as the company intended and more jobs are now on the chopping block.

Throughout the past 10 years, Kodak’s workforce has slowly dwindled. From nearly 64,000 in 2003 to 17,000 earlier this year, and now with a reduction of around 2,700, the company will employ a mere 13,400 people by year’s end.

The company also named excessive burden of retired employee benefits as a pitfall and as part of their bankruptcy, they hoped to reduce these costs. But in July, a bankruptcy judge gave a group of Kodak retirees “committee” status and extended to them a say in the reorganization plan, much like creditors have in typical bankruptcies. Ultimately, the company’s hopes of reducing the amount paid out to retirees were diminished as benefits were safeguarded.

Bankruptcy may have been the only option for Eastman Kodak to continue its legacy, but with a failed restructuring plan, along with a perhaps misguided dependence on patent-based income, the road ahead looks bleak for the company that once dominated the photography industry.